Division of Physical Metrology

home R&D Activities Division of Physical Metrology
Establishing the world's standards.

The Division of Physical Metrology conducts research and developement to establish national standards regarding the International System of Units, which serves as a fundamental basis for all cutting-edge research, manufacturing, and commerce, in addition to derived units. These primary standards are constantly improved upon and maintained, and are disseminated to societies and industries through calibration services.

Our division is designated with the tasks of establishing and managing national measurement standards for six base units – length (m), mass (kg), time (s), temperature (K), luminous intensity (cd), and electric current (A) – and various derived units such as force (N) and pressure (Pa) that lay the foundations for core scientific research, cutting-edge manufacturing, and global fair trade.

Director: Dr. No-Weon Kang (nwkang@kriss.re.kr)

Group

  • Photometry and Radiometry (Dr. Jisoo Hwang, jhwang@kriss.re.kr)
  • Length (Dr. Jong Ahn Kim, jakim@kriss.re.kr)
  • Time and Frequency (Dr. Myoung Sun Heo, hms1005@kriss.re.kr)
  • Mechanical Metrology (Dr. Jae Hyuk Choi, jhchoi@kriss.re.kr)
  • Thermometry and Fluid Flow Metrology (Dr. Su Yong Kwon, kweonsy@kriss.re.kr)
  • Acoustics, Ultrasound and Vibration Metrology (Dr. Wan Ho Cho, chowanho@kriss.re.kr)
  • Electricity and Magnetism (Dr. Hyung Kew Lee, hyungkew.lee@kriss.re.kr)
  • Electromagnetic Wave Metrology (Dr. Jae-Yong Kwon , jykwon@kriss.re.kr)
Photometry and Radiometry Group

The Photometry and Radiometry Group establishes national measurement standards for luminous intensity (cd) and radiation temperature (K) as well as for optical materials and the optical communications field. In addition, the group develops and disseminates measurement standards and technologies for these fields. Armed with highly advanced measurement standard technology, the group offers calibration, testing, and performance evaluation services that are vital for key national industries such as lighting and optical communications. Furthermore, the group is also responsible for developing key measurement standard technology for advanced industries such as aerospace, materials, display technology, and quantum computing.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Development of evaluation technology for newly emerging optical sensors
  • • Development of measurement standard technology based on optical materials for Earth observation purposes
  • • Development of mid-infrared lasers
  • • Development of key measurement technologies for optics industry

Primary Optical Radiometry Team

The Primary Optical Radiometry Team establishes a world-class optical power standard in the ultraviolet to infrared wavelengths for optical radiometry. Based on the standard, the team provides calibration and measurement services of luminous intensity (unit: cd), radiant intensity (unit: W/sr), radiation temperature (unit: K), and their related quantities. Optical measurement is not only important for conventional optical applications such as lighting and display technology, but it is a key part of advanced science and technology such as aerospace, Earth observation, defense technology, and health care. It is also one of the core parts of temperature scale redefinitions. The team strives to improve measurement accuracy and expand the measurable wavelength ranges to meet the needs of state-of-the-art science and technology based on optical measurement.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of spectral responsivity measurement technology for ultraviolet ~ infrared photodetectors
  • Development of radiation measurement technology for ultraviolet ~ infrared light sources
  • Development of precision evaluation technology for photodetectors and spectrometers
  • Development of thermodynamic temperature measurement technology based on radiometery
  • Measurement services in photometry and radiometry
    • Standard illuminants such as spectral irradiance standard lamp, luminous intensity standard lamp, etc.
    • Standard detectors such as illuminance meters, colorimeters, spectroradiometers, radiation thermometers, photodiodes, etc.
Optical Material Metrology Team

The Optical Material Metrology Team establishes national measurement standards for quantities related to optical materials and develops integrated measurement technology. In addition to improving measurement accuracy for traditional optical material quantities such as reflectance and transmittance, the team is developing source measurement technologies such as 3D BRDF measurement technology, mid-infrared optical material measurement technology, measurement testing for Earth observations, and metrology for quantifying visual perception of optical materials. Using the developed technology, the team develops and disseminates key measurement standards for advanced industries such aerospace, materials, and display technology.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of 3D BRDF measurement standard technology
  • Development of infrared spectral reflectance measurement standard
  • Establishment of a metrological traceability system for Earth observations
  • Development of metrology for quantifying visual perception of optical materials
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Length Group

The Length Group realizes the definition of ‘meter (m)’, the SI base unit for length, establishes, maintains, and enhances national measurement standards regarding physical quantities related to length, such as linear dimensions, angle, form, complex geometry, and various dimensional. and disseminates these standards to industries through services like calibrations, testings, and certification of certified reference materials (CRMs). Furthermore, the group focuses on establishing future measurement standards and developing cutting-edge measurement instruments and technical solutions to meet the developing needs of industries and societies of science and technology in the field of length/dimensional metrology in a timely manner.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Optical frequency stabilized laser sources
  • • High-precision linear dimension measurement technology based on laser interferometers
  • • Establishment of world-class national angle measurement system and development of calibration and testing systems
  • • Development of 2D grid coordinate/dimension measurement technology based on optical microscope or laser diffractometer
  • • Development of high-speed/large-area inspection instruments/technology for processes in semiconductor/display industry
  • • Development of multi-dimensional displacement/angle/profile measurement sensors for smart factories
  • • Long-distance/Large-size 3D profile measurement and spatial information measurement technology
  • • Development of core instrument/technology for future absolute distance measurement standards

Length and Shape Standards Team

The Length and dimensional metrology Team maintains and enhances established measurement standards of length and related quantities, and focuses on researches to develop technologies that can meet the needs of the future society and smart factory manufacturing platforms that will be realized through the convergence of advanced industrial technologies such as artificial intelligence, virtual/augmented reality, IoT sensors, hyper-connectivity, and autonomous driving. Examples of such researches include “novel optical image sensors for simultaneous measurement of multi-dimensional displacement/angle/surface profile”, “ToF-based 3D spatial information measurement”, as well as “on-machine performance evaluation and calibration technology”.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of smart vision solution for high-speed, multi-dimensional motion/position/profile measurement
  • Digital code based absolute encoder sensor
  • On-machine performance evaluation/on-site calibration research for precision stages and robots
  • Development of large-area surface profile measurement technology/instruments based on optical image analysis
  • Development of source technologies of 3D ToF camera and LiDAR for long-distance/large structure measurements
  • Area of responsible measurement standards: linear dimensions (gauge blocks, step gauges, line standards, ring gauges, plug gauges, tapes, laser interferometers, EDM, etc), angle (index table, autocollimators, angle blocks, optical polygons, levels, rotary encoders, etc), form (straightness, surface flatness etc), various dimensional (geodesic baselines, CRMs for 2D dimensions etc).
Multi-scale Length Measurement Team

The Multi-scale Length Measurement Team develops core multi-scale length measurement technology spanning scale ranges from several nanometers to several meters, and performs various related applied researches. The team's research aims to establish and disseminate next-generation length/dimensional measurement standards that are crucial for advancing the competitiveness of key national industries (semiconductor/display technology) and important in establishing infrastructure of society/industry where new technologies are integrated. The team is tasked with establishing, managing, and improving measurement standards ranging from laser frequency, complex geometry and CMM. The team is also responsible for development and dissemination of CRMs for nano step height and roughness. Furthermore, the team conducts future measurement standard research and applied researches such as the development of next-generation m-level absolute distance measurement technology, ㎜-㎛ range (Si wafer, large-scale glass substrates, TSV etc.) thickness/form measurement research, and ㎚-level thin film thickness measurement research, . One of the team’s most important goals include continuously collaborating with industries to commercialize the research results.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of large glass substrate thickness profile measurement technology
  • Development of technology to simultaneously measure thickness/refractive index/warpage of large aperture silicon wafers
  • Development of spectrometers for high-sensitive/high-speed thickness measurements
  • Development of commercial reference materials for step heights and surface roughness
  • Development of optical comb-based absolute distance measurement technology
  • Establishment of measurement standards for 3D printers and x-ray CTs
  • Area of responsible measurement standards: radiations of the Mise en Pratique (frequency stabilized lasers), form (roundness), complex geometry (step height, surface roughness, CMM) and CRMs (nano step height/thickness)
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Time and Frequency Group

The Time and Frequency Group establishes primary standards for the time and frequency field based on the quantum state of atoms, conducting research to develop and disseminate measurement standards and technology in the field. Based on the developed atom-based measurement standard technology, the group contributes to the redefinition of the unit of time, and develops core technology to benefit national industries, next-generation communication, the national defense and aerospace industries, and the lives and safety of citizens.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Creation and management of the Korea Standard Time
  • • Cesium atomic fountain clock
  • • High-precision and mobile ytterbium optical lattice clock
  • • Chip-scale optical frequency clock
  • • Diamond quantum sensor
  • • Optical frequency measurement and microwave-conversion technology
  • • Low-noise microwave generation and synthesis
  • • On-board and chip-scale atomic clocks
  • • Mobile and portable absolute quantum gravimeter
  • • Development of atom-based quantum sensors and measurement technology
  • • Standard time generation based on atomic clocks
  • • High-precision time synchronization technology
  • • Long-range time transfer technology using satellite and ground waves
  • • Time transfer technology based on optical fiber networks

Atom-based Quantum Standards Team

The Atom-based Quantum Standards Team pioneers the redefinition of time through the develop of a world-class optical clock. The team conducts research on the development of new standards and sensor technology based on the philosophy of base unit redefinition as well as time traceability. In addition, the developed standards and technology are used to research innovations in standards dissemination.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • High-precision and mobile ytterbium optical lattice clock
  • Chip-scale optical frequency clock
  • Diamond quantum sensor
  • Optical frequency measurement and segmentation technology
Atom-based Quantum Measurement Team

The Atom-based Quantum Measurement Team is developing an atomic fountain clock to contribute to the national primary frequency standard and International Atomic Time generation. Development projects also include an on-board atomic clock for satellites for the Global Positioning System, a high-sensitivity absolute quantum gravimeter with world-class performance, atom-based quantum sensors, and high-precision quantum measurement technology.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Atomic fountain clocks
  • Low-noise microwave generation and synthesis
  • On-board and chip-scale atomic clocks
  • Mobile and portable absolute quantum gravimeter
  • Development of atom-based quantum sensors and measurement technology
Time Transfer Team

The Satellite Optical Application Time Synchronization Team conducts research to further advance time standard transfer technology using satellite·optical networks. The team is in the process of developing standard time generation system technology for aeronautics technology.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Standard time generation based on atomic clocks
  • High-precision time synchronization technology
  • Long-range time transfer technology using satellite and ground waves
  • Time transfer technology based on optical fiber networks
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Mechanical Metrology Group

The Mechanical Metrology Group establishes national standards for the unit of mass (kg), unit of force (N), unit of pressure (Pa), and also in volume/density/gravity areas, developing and disseminating related measurement standards and technology. Following the redefinition of the SI base units in 2019, the group set a vision to lay new measurement foundations for future growth national industries such as semiconductor and bio-industries, using a system of mechanical standards based on physical constants. The group is currently developing Planck-constant-based standards for mass, micro-force, and torque, and Boltzmann-constant-based standard for vacuum pressure. Additionally, the group is conducting applied industrial research to develop tactile interfaces for robots, and developing ultra-precise measurement technologies for superconducting gravimetry.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Development of kilogram realization and dissemination technology based on the Planck constant
  • • Development of micro-mechanical standards based on the Planck constant
  • • Development of vacuum pressure standard based on the Boltzmann constant
  • • Development of superconducting gravimeter technology
  • • Mass, force, pressure, vacuum, volume, density, and gravity standards management and related calibration/testing services

Planck Constant Mass Team

The Planck Constant Mass Team develops and disseminates technology related to the unit of mass, such as a Kibble balance to realize the kilogram based on the Planck constant. The team is developing precision measurement technology such as electrical, mechanical, and optical technologies required for the realization of the kilogram and uses the developed technologies to realize and disseminate the national kilogram standard.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of kilogram realization technology using KRISS Kibble balance
  • Development of evaluation technologies for mass standard’s properties and stability
  • Development of kilogram dissemination technology
Planck Constant Force Team

Following the redefinition of mass, force standards could be directly realized based on electromagnetic force instead of the energy-based product of mass and gravitational acceleration. As a result, it became possible to precisely realize micro-forces through electromagnetic force. The Planck Constant Force Team aims to further improve the precision of micro-force (mass) measurements, which is highly important for the semiconductor, pharmaceutical, nanotechnology, and environmental industries. Furthermore, the team will prepare for the 4th Industrial Revolution by developing tactile sensor technology to be applied in industries such as robotics and virtual reality.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of a micro Kibble balance (0.5 μN ~ 5 mN)
  • Development of ultra-small force realization technology using optical pressure
  • Development of superconducting quantum force standard
  • Development of tactile sensors
  • Development of force/torque standards dissemination technology
Vacuum Pressure Metrology Team

The Vacuum Pressure Metrology Team is responsible for researching vacuum and leak standards under pressures ranging from atmospheric pressure to vacuum environments with pressures of 10-6 Pa. The team also offers calibrations related to these standards. Additionally, the team conducts applied technology research such as vacuum equipment and vacuum chamber evaluation research.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of vacuum standard based on the Boltzmann constant
  • Development of evaluation technology for vacuum equipment such as vacuum sensors and chambers
  • Development of vacuum/leak standards dissemination technology
Superconducting Gravity Team

The Superconducting Gravity Team develops core fundamental technology to achieve world-class high-sensitivity gravity measurements. Additionally, the team conducts research that integrates absolute/relative gravity standards. The Mechanical Metrology Group also engages in collaborative research on standard reference data generation with international equivalence for the establishment of a national geoid network, as well as research on pressure standards to meet new industrial demands, which include dynamic mechanical standards.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of superconducting gravimeter technology
  • Development of absolute/relative gravity standards technology
  • Gravitational acceleration standard reference data center
  • Development of dynamic mechanical testing and pressure standards technology
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Thermometry and Fluid Flow Metrology Group

The Thermometry and Fluid Flow Metrology Group works to establish national standards for the SI base unit of temperature (K, Kelvin), derived units such as humidity, thermo-physical quantities (thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, specific heat etc.), and fluid flow field quantities (flow rate, flow velocity, viscosity). The group researches related measurement standards and technology with the aim of developing and disseminating key measurement standard technologies that are necessary at the national and social levels to combat issues such as climate change, as well as to support industries such as semiconductors, automobiles, aerospace, and energy.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Development of measurement standard technology for research on thermodynamic temperature and the International Temperature Scale of 1990
  • • Development of humidity and moisture measurement standard technology
  • • Develop of measurement standard technology for thermo-physical quantities (thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, thermal expansion, specific heat etc.)
  • • Development of fluid flow measurement standard technology (gas flow rate, liquid flow rate, flow velocity, viscosity)
  • • Development of measurement source technology in response to climate change and the demands of advanced industries

Thermodynamic Temperature Team

The Thermodynamic Temperature Team developed an acoustic gas thermometer (AGT) capable of thermodynamic temperature measurements in the temperature range of contact thermometers. With this as a basis, the team conducts research to measure and disseminate temperature according to the new definition of the Kelvin. Furthermore, the team conducts research to develop and disseminate precision temperature measurement technology to improve upon the accuracy of the International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90).

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of a world-class acoustic gas thermometer
  • Development of acoustic gas thermometer-based thermodynamic temperature measurement technology
  • Realization and dissemination of the International Temperature Scale of 1990 based on the contact temperature measurement method
  • Research to improve upon the accuracy of the International Temperature Scale of 1990 based on thermodynamic temperature
Upper Air Measurement Team

The Upper Air Measurement Team establishes accurate meteorological temperature and humidity measurements standards spanning from the ground surface to the stratosphere at an altitude of 40 km using world-class temperature and humidity measurement technology. The team also conducts research on measurement technology for small amounts of stratospheric moisture, which is crucial for a more effective response to global warming and long-term climate change model tracking.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of upper air simulators
  • Development of radiosondes based on dual temperature sensors
  • Development of surface air temperature and humidity reference measurement standards
  • Development of measurement technology for small amounts of stratospheric moisture using dual quartz crystal oscillators
Flow Rate Measurement Team

The Flow Rate Measurement Team establishes and develops national measurement standards and technology for fluid flow units derived from the International System of Units. The team establishes and manages fluid flow measurement standards such as gas (atmospheric pressure, high pressure) flow rate, liquid (water, oil) flow rate, flow velocity, and viscosity, while also offering calibration and testing services for domestic and overseas dissemination. Additionally, precision measurement source technologies are being developed to respond to national commerce issues and emerging industrial demands, examples of which involve greenhouse gas emission discharge rate, hydrogen fueling rate, and micro-flow rates of pharmaceutical injections.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of precision measurement technology for greenhouse gas smoke stack emission discharge rate in response to global climate change
  • Development of a hydrogen fueling rate standard system for hydrogen fueling stations
  • Development of a micro-flow rate standard system to increase the accuracy of medical injections
  • Development of flow rate measurement source technology (ultrasonic, thermal) to meet the demands of the energy industry
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Acoustics, Ultrasound and Vibration Metrology Group

The Acoustics, Ultrasound and Vibration Metrology Group establishes and disseminates national standards in the relevant fields and develops measurement infrastructure and applied technologies to meet national/industrial demands. Based on the developed fundamental/applied technologies, the group provides support for key national industries and the public sector using its measurement infrastructure, and conducts cutting-edge future industry R&D.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Establishment and maintenance of a national standards system for acoustic/vibration/ultrasound measurement
  • • Establishment of a measurement standard dissemination system and calibration/testing services for the relevant fields
  • • Establishment of new measurement technology and standards to meet national/industrial demands
  • • Cutting-edge future industry research on subjects such as multimedia, health care, and sensors

New Acoustic Standards Team

The New Acoustic Standards Team develops and disseminates measurement standards and applied technology related to acoustics with the goal of establishing national infrastructure and strengthening competitiveness. The team conducts research that spans over a wide array of fields, from the establishment of national standards related to acoustics and the development of signal processing technologies for advanced industries.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Research on new acoustic standards and acoustic unit redefinition
  • Establishment of a calibration/testing system and related services for acoustic sensors, acoustic measuring instruments, hearing evaluation devices
  • Research on new advanced multimedia industries based on acoustic signal processing and sound field control technology
  • Environmental noise and audiology infrastructural support and R&D
  • Establishment of acoustic measurement infrastructure and dissemination into relevant industries
Ultrasound Standards Team

The Ultrasound Standards Team works to expand upon and improve the precision of the measurement range for ultrasound-related physical quantities that are used in multiple sectors including basic science, the industry, health care, and national defense. This maximizes the measurement capabilities for such quantities and enables the establishment of future ultrasound measurement standards. The team also conducts research to develop new measurement technology to meet future industrial demands.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Research on new ultrasound standards
  • Research on high-intensity ultrasound technology
  • Development of ultrasonic metamaterials and composite material source technology
  • Development of high-precision measurement technology for ultrasonic material properties
  • Research on ultrasound technology for national defense applications
Global Vibration Team

The Global Vibration Team's efforts focus on establishing a global calibration traceability system for vibration sensors and vibration meters, which is disseminated into the industry. As such, the team pioneers the development of national measurement infrastructure. Additionally, the team develops and disseminates applied technology that targets industrial needs and conducts research on new measurement technology with foresight of future demand.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Establishment of a national standards calibration system for linear vibration, rotational vibration, and shock
  • Dissemination of calibration/testing services for vibration sensors and meters into the industry
  • Research on advanced measurement technology for ultra-low frequency band vibrations
  • Development of measurement standards technology for non-standard vibration sensors and meters
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Electricity and Magnetism Group

The Electricity and Magnetism Group uses cutting-edge quantum physics measurement technology to establish national standards for the base units of electricity in voltage (V), resistance (Ω), and current (A) as well as derived units such as power (W) and energy (Wh). The group develops and disseminates measurement standards and technology for these fields through its research. Based on the developed measurement standard technology, the team provides calibration, testing, and performance evaluation services for key national industries such as the electronics and electric power industries, and the team also develops and disseminates core measurement standards technology for emerging industries such as semiconductors and display technology as well as the defense industry.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Development of measurement standards and precision measurement technology for the electrical engineering field based on quantum physics
  • • Development of measurement standards and precision measurement technology for the fields of electrical energy and magnetism
  • • Development of graphene quantum Hall devices and single-electron pump devices

Quantum Electronics Team

The Quantum Electronics Team bases its research on the Josephson effect and the quantum Hall effect to develop measurement technology of ultimate accuracy. The developed technology is used to establish and disseminate national standards for electric quantities (voltage, resistance, current, impedance).

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of measurement standards and precision measurement technology based on the Josephson effect
  • Development of measurement standards and precision measurement technology based on the quantum Hall effect
  • Development of graphene quantum Hall resistance
  • Development of quantum current measurement standards and precision measurement technology
  • Development of impedance measurement standards and precision measurement technology
Emerging Electromagnetism Demand Team

The Emerging Electromagnetic Standard Team develops precision measurement technology for the disciplines of electrical energy and magnetism to establish and disseminate national standards. The team also aims to develop new technologies to meet the emerging demands in the field of electromagnetism.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of electrical energy and magnetism measurement standards and precision measurement technology
  • Development of measurement standards and precision measurement technology to meet emerging demands in the electromagnetism field
    • Development of DC energy measurement technology (calibration technology for electric vehicle fast-chargers)
    • Development of magnetic field measurement technology using optical pumping magnetometers
    • Development of precision measurement technology for high resistances
Quantum Metrology Triangle Team

The Quantum Metrology Triangle Team develops technology for the direct generation of current using a single-electron pump as well as core technologies for establishing a quantum metrology triangle.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of a single-electron pump device
  • Development of a cryogenic current comparator (CCC)
  • Development of cryogenic null detector technology
  • Development of quantum metrology triangle measurement technology
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Electromagnetic Wave Metrology Group

The Electromagnetic Wave Metrology Group conducts research that aims to establish and disseminate national standards on basic measurands of electromagnetic waves and related measurement technology. Standards are established for basic quantities associated with electromagnetic wave in the frequency range of several kHz to 1 THz. The group provides calibration and test services to industries, academies, research institutes, and government agencies in the fields of communications, semiconductor, and national defense industries. The group is especially focused on developing 5G antenna performance evaluation technology to meet emerging industrial demands, and has conducted research on 6G antenna source measurement technology.

Its current R&D project include the following subjects :

  • • Establishment of electromagnetic wave measurement standards and development of foundation measurement technology
  • • Development of measurement standards and technology on antenna properties and electromagnetic field strength
  • • Sub-terahertz electromagnetic wave measurement technology and standards research
  • • Development of 5G antenna measurement technology and research on 6G antenna source measurement technology
  • • High-power electromagnetic wave protection technology research

Guided Wave Research Team

The Guided Wave Research Team establishes and disseminates measurement standards and disseminates these standards to domestic and overseas industries. Measurement standards include power, impedance, attenuation, RF voltage, noise, pulse, and material constant in the frequency range of several kHz to 1 THz. The team also participates in international key comparisons to ensure the international equivalence of measurement standards and conducts joint research activities. To meet future measurement needs, the team develops measurement technology up to 1 THz.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Establishment, improvement, and dissemination of electromagnetic wave measurement standards and preservation of international equivalence
  • Development of primary standards for electromagnetic wave power, electromagnetic wave noise, attenuation, and pulse
  • Sub-terahertz electromagnetic wave measurement technology and standards research
  • Development of evaluation technology for high-speed semiconductor device properties and digital communication parameters
  • Research to improve industrial measurement reliability in the electromagnetic wave field and disseminate measurement technology
5G Plus Team

The 5G Plus Team aims to establish and disseminate measurement standards regarding antenna characteristics and field strength. The team participates in international key comparisons to ensure the international equivalence of measurement standards. The team's research involves the development and dissemination of innovative 5G antenna measurement technology and measuring instruments using integrated optical-electromagnetic wave technology. The team conducts research on 6G antenna measurement technology to meet emerging industrial demands.

Key Research Fields (Bullet Points)
  • Development of 5G antenna measurement technology and research on 6G antenna source measurement technology
  • Establishment of measurement standards for Ka-band (26.5-40 GHz) electromagnetic field strength
  • Development of Sub-6 GHz and mm-wave MIMO antenna measurement systems
  • Development of an electro-optic W-band (75-110 GHz) antenna measurement system
  • Development of a selective frequency surface filter to solve frequency interference issues
  • High-power electromagnetic wave protection technology research
  • Development of a high-power electromagnetic wave effect simulator
  • Electromagnetic vulnerability analysis simulator design and coupling/vulnerability testing
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